Emergency Management is a legal responsibility and function of local, county, state and federal government. Over the past two decades, federal and state laws were amended to include natural, technological and man-made disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery programs. National attention to emergency management began in the early 1950s with emphasis on civil defense, or enemy attack preparedness. The Emergency Management Services Code (35 Pa. C. S. Section 7101-7707) became law in 1978 and replaced the State Council of Civil Defense Act of 1951. Amendments to this Act in 1988 and 1989 further focused the role of emergency management personnel, organizations and responsibilities. In 1997, as the role of the emergency management agency grew, the Adams County Emergency Management Agency and Department of Communications changed its name to its current Adams County Department of Emergency Services.